The Hebrew Numbering System

Hebrew uses an ancient numbering system, in which each letter has a value and a number is indicated by a group of letters by adding their values. Nowadays this numbering system is used in Hebrew dates and in numbering items.

The numbers 15 and 16 use Tet instead of Yod for religious reasons.

Thousands are indicated separately. In dates, the thousands in the year number are normally omitted.

These letters are marked with Geresh if a single letter is used, Gershayim if more than one. These marks mean "not a word", and are used also for acronyms and abbreviations.

The same system is used to discover hidden meanings in the Bible and other books.

The table on the left shows the numerical values of each letter. The table on the right shows some examples.

Letter Value Hebrew
Alef 1
Bet 2
Gimel 3
Dalet 4
He 5
Vav 6
Zayin 7
Het 8
Tet 9
Yod 10
Kaf 20
Lamed 30
Mem 40
Nun 50
Samekh 60
Ayin 70
Pe 80
Tsadi 90
Qof 100
Resh 200
Shin 300
Tav 400
 
Number Letters Hebrew
1 Alef Geresh '
2 Bet Geresh '
3 Gimel Geresh '
4 Dalet Geresh '
5 He Geresh '
6 Vav Geresh '
7 Zayin Geresh '
8 Het Geresh '
9 Tet Geresh '
10 Yod Geresh '
11 Yod Gershayim Alef "
14 Yod Gershayim Dalet "
15 Tet Gershayim Vav "
16 Tet Gershayim Zayin "
17 Yod Gershayim Zayin "
18 Yod Gershayim Het "
20 Kaf Geresh '
51 Nun Gershayim Alef "
600 Tav Gershayim Resh "
900 Tav Tav Gershayim Qof "
5759 He Geresh Space Tav Shin Nun Gershayim Tet ' "
5000 He Geresh Space Alef Lamed Pe Yod Final Mem '

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1999, 2000 Jonathan Rosenne. All rights reserved. Last modified August 5, 2000.

The latest version of this document resides at http://www.qsm.co.il/Hebrew/GimatriaH.htm

Please send your comments to Jonathan (Jony) Rosenne, rosennej@qsm.co.il